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When the total station is set up and level over the known point it will require another known point to help calculate the coordinate reference system that the unknown measurements will be measured with.
That is to say that the total station will be able to know the angular relation between the easting, northing and elevation of itself and the Easting northing and elevation of the second known point (often referred to as the back sight). Then all of the angles and distances measurements calculated and computed with the laser will be translated into the same east, northing and elevation coordinate space as well.
Create a Measure Job File
From the main menu, select Meas job management by pressing the number 1 on the keypad (from the Main Menu). The measure job created will be the file that your measured points in your survey will be recorded.
Next press F2 to open the Create new job menu.
Leave all settings at default and enter a new job name by using the letters on the keypad.
The F6 key (NUM) will switch the key pad between numbers and letters. Note it may take some practice to get used to this switching back and forth.
After the new file name has been entered press F1 to continue.
Next ensure that the job file that you have just created is highlighted and select CONT again by selecting F1 from the keypad.
Create a Data Job File
The data job is where the known or fixed points are stored (the Data job file can be the same as the measure job file but often it is good survey practise to keep these two files separate).
Steps followed for creating a data job file are very similar to those mentioned above for creating a measure job.
From the main menu, select data job management by pressing the number 2 on the keypad.
Next press F2 to open the Create new job menu (and provide a file name like you did above) or select an existing data job file if one exists. Then press F1 to continue.
If it is a new data job file then you will need to input values for the known points.
Select the FNC key from the bottom grey keypad.
Select menu item 5 Data view and Edit
On the next screen select Input from the function key options by pressing the F3 key.
Enter the name of the point id of the known point you wish to create.
Enter the known Easting, Northing and Elevation values for this point.
Press REC to accept the value of the point id
Repeat the steps to enter all the known points that you wish to use in your survey and then use the ESC key until you reach the main menu again.
Select your Codelist
From the main menu, select codelist management by pressing the number 3 on the keypad.
Select the name of the code list you created earlier with the Leica Survey Office software and uploaded to the memory card. Then press F1 to continue.
Record Backsight Locations
From the Main Menu select Setup from the bottom of the screen by pressing F5.
In the Job settings menu you should see the name of your measure job, data job, and code list. If either looks incorrect than go back and select them again using the instructions from the start of this manual.
Select QSET (quickset) from the bottom of the menu using F4.
For the Station Id enter the point id of the known point for the surveying monument that you have the total station set up upon.
Next enter the Backs. Id to select the backsight point id
Enter the instrument height of the total station that you recorded previously in the initial setup.
Enter the base height of the reflector poles used to collect the various points during the survey. The number to enter here will be the value found above the grasp of the reflector pole. A height of 2 meters is common height for reflector poles in most surveys but sometimes there is a need to use different height values.
Aim the total station instrument towards the survey prism with the and press F2 on the key pad which selects DIST. Ensure that the range pole is vertical and plumb by centering the bubble on the pole. This will allow the Total Station to compute the delta of what you told it where it was and where it is based on the reading of shooting the pole.
Take note of the delta horizontal distance on the screen. Anything under 2cm is considered an acceptable value. Once accuracy under 2cm is achieved hit CONT by pressing F4 on the key pad. The unit will now know spatially where it is located and surveying of the unknown points can commence.
The screen should now have an option MEAS appear in the lower right corner of the screen, this is an indication that you can now shoot to any unknown point with the reflector. Press the F6 function key to enter into the measure and Record menu. Here you can point and aim at the reflector, enter the point Id value and then press the F3 function key to record the coordinate values of that point. The total station will increment the point ids taken automatically, or you can change the values manually each time.
Tip: Remember to adjust the height of reflector on this screen if the height of the reflector unit is adjusted during the survey.
To finishing surveying simply press ESC until the screen is back to the main menu. Press both the ON button and the left arrow button at the same time to shut down the unit.
Tip: How to adjust the view of the Total Station
Use the “sight” on the total station to roughly point the Total station at the reflector. Then use the knobs to fine tune the view at the reflector target. Use the focus on the lens to ensure a clear and focused view of the target and that the cross hairs are centered on the center of the target.
Click here for more information from surveying with the Leica Total Station (TCR1105) or refer to our Leica Total Station user guide available for download.
- Surveying with the Leica Total Station (TCR1105)
- Leica Total Station (TCR1105) – User Interface
- Leica Total Station (TCR1105) – Operating the Instrument
- Surveying from a Known Point
- Surveying from an Unknown Point with Leica Total Station
- Exporting Data from Leica Total Station (TCR1105)
- Leica Total Station User Guide (full version)
Total Station Basics
The content on this page was derived from the document titled ‘Introduction & Simple Guide to Using the Leica Total Station’ published by Ted MacKinnon and Jonathan Murphy in 2004 as part of a requirement for the Applied Geomatics Research advanced Post Graduate Diploma at COGS.
(In 2011 it was revised and updated). The full version of the document can be downloaded by clicking here.