A new large 8 foot color shaded relief map that I have created has been posted for display at a local tourist kiosk in Advocate Harbour, Nova Scotia. Now both tourists and residents of the area will be able to gain a better appreciation of the topography that borders the Northern Bay of Fundy region
Various user manuals that I refer to when working with Leica total stations (Some I created and others from Leica … ).
I created and presented this poster featuring LIDAR Color Shaded Relief model of Bouctouche / Shediac area of New Brunswick at the 2004 Geotech event that was held in Toronto.
Traditional images in geomatics are often two dimensional, meaning that all data in the image can be referenced by X and Y coordinates.
Three dimensional images (3D) incorporate a third dimension (the Z component) which represents the elevation or depth aspect of the data. To incorporate it into an image requires creating special geomatics value added products that allow users to perceive the presence of the third dimension into a traditional two dimensional setting (because most paper and computer screens are flat or two dimensional).
A color shaded relief (CSR) utilizes chromo stereoscopic techniques to help emphasize the depth of the Z dimension from traditional shaded relief models that already portray the presence of an elevation difference. Using carefully edited RGB (red, green, blue) pseudo colors and then encoding them into the shaded relief image provides the user with an even more enhanced feeling that they can perceive a third dimension from a two-dimensional medium (also helping to quickly decipher between high and low elevated regions). When a feature of the same color in the image is shaded darker than the shade of its background, then the background color will predominate in determining its perceived depth position in the image.
There are several different software packages that can be used to create CSR models, but I have found that Geomatica software by PCI Geomatics has proven to produce some of the better results in CSR models generated from DEMs. ChromaDepth 3-D glasses can often be used to further enhance the three dimensional feeling as well. These glasses use sophisticated micro-optics technology to transform color images into stereo 3-D. If you do not currently have PCI Geomatica then you can obtain a trial copy of it from their web site; then follow the steps outlined in the following CSR tutorial.
Here are some more Examples of some of the many color shaded relief (CSR) models that I have created
- Vancouver Island, British Columbia
- Gatineau foot hills of Quebec
- Irvine, California
- Cap Pele, New Brunswick
- Pointe Du Chene, New Brunswick
- Shediac, New Brunswick
- Bouctouche, New-Brunswick
- Makkovik, Labrador (Newfoundland)
- Antigonish, Nova Scotia
Color Shaded Relief related documents:
- Creating a Color Shaded Relief Model from a DEM with PCI Geomatica v9.1 software
- 3D Modeling with High Resolution LIDAR – presented at the GeoTec Conference in Toronto,Ontario and displayed at the Applied Geomatics Research Group in Middleton, Nova Scotia
- Bouctouche, NewBrunswick – Color Shaded Relief – presented at the CCAF annual general meeting held at the University of Moncton in Moncton, New Brunswick, and displayed at the Applied Geomatics Research Group in Middleton, Nova Scotia
- Flood Risk Mapping using LIDAR, SE NB Climate Change Action Fund – presented at Geomatics Atlantic 2004 Conference held at the University of New Brunswick in Fredricton, New Brunswick
- Integration of Digital elevation Models and Imagery : Terrain Analysis of the Antigonish Highlands – presented at the Center of Geographic Sciences in Lawrencetown, Nova Scotia
- Makkovik,Labrador – 3D modeling and Data Integration – presented at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia
- Surface Modeling and LIDAR Validation
- Three Dimensional Flood Modeling with High Resolution LIDAR – (Graduate Project Final Paper) Middleton, Nova Scotia: Applied Geomatics Research Group, Centre
of Geographic Sciences, 200 pages
- Three Dimensional Flood Modeling with High Resolution LIDAR presentation from the Canadian Institute of Geomatics 2005 Conference held in Ottawa,Ontario
Digital Terrain Modeling is the process of simulating or representing the relief and patterns of a surface with numerical and digital methods. It has always been an integral component to geology related fields such as geomorphology, hydrology, tectonics and oceanography but over the past decade has also become a major component to non geophysical applications such as GIS modeling, surveying and land use planning.
Terrain Models are derived from data represented by digital elevation models (DEMs) and can include shaded relief models, slope and aspect models, perspective scene generation, and drainage basin analysis (and other models).
Below are a few 3D Toronto images from a demonstration that I gave comparing Esri Arc Scene with FLY in PCI Geomatica. I generated the digital surface model (DSM) from some demo LIDAR all hits data that we had. The coverage area is for a small portion of downtown Toronto centered around Toronto City Hall.
The above image is one of several color shaded relief (CSR) models I created of Gatineau foot hills of Quebec. The city of Ottawa is featured in the national capital region near the bottom center of the image across the river just south of Gatineau Park. This was one of the color shaded relief models submitted for use with an online interactive web GIS mapping project for the municipal of Collines-de-l’Outaouais, Quebec. The image below is the actual one that is currently featured in the web GIS project.
The Gatineau Hills are part of a geological formation in Canada which represent the foothills of the Laurentian Mountains which stretch east through Quebec, beginning north of Montreal and joining up with others into Vermont and New Hampshire. The geology of Gatineau Park, which encompass these foothills, is related to the Eardly Escarpment, which is a fault line that lies along the southern edge of the hills. This escarpment makes the part an attractive location for rock climbers and hikers, offering a beautiful view of the relatively flat fields below, which extend to the Ottawa River.
The above image is a Color shaded relief (CSR) model created using a DEM of Vancouver Island, British Columbia using PCI Geomatica software. The change in relief ranges from 0 m (blue) up to over 2200 m (red colors). Vancouver Island is a large island in the province of British Columbia off the Pacific coast of Canada, it is the largest island (32,134 square kilometers) on the western side of both North and South America.
This image has been published in various books, University Course material (such as UVic) and papers such as the Vancouver Sun & the Montreal Gazette …
More examples of Color shaded relief (CSR) models …